Understanding The Social And Emotional Development Of Your Child
In this article, You will learn about understanding the social and emotional development of your child. Birth to school age is the period of greatest growth and development in a child as the early childhood years are not just confined to taking first steps or saying first words. Babies are born communicators and are capable of experiencing and expressing a wide range of emotions. Through their many positive interactions, they learn to manage a range of feelings and to communicate effectively to get their needs met. Thus social development can be defined as our interaction with others. It is the ability to form secure relationships whereas emotional development is regulating and expressing emotions. It involves the way one feels about themselves, others and the world.
As babies grow into toddlers and later preschoolers, they can manage more things by themselves but still need guidance and support. They also adapt their behavior according to their caregivers’ responses and at the same time learn ways to cope with conflict and resolve problems through their relationships with adults in their lives.
ASPAM Pre-school one of the best pre-schools in Noida develops social and emotional skills in its preschoolers through their relationships with adults and children around them. Supported by their increased language, thinking, and planning capabilities, preschoolers are more able to wait for things they want, to negotiate solutions to everyday problems and make decisions for themselves and with others. Children’s social and emotional skills are developing all the time but it is likely that these skills may develop differently for different children. They benefit from having many learning and practice opportunities. The social and emotional skills are very important as they form the foundations for children’s ongoing development and affect their mental health and wellbeing now and into the future.
But why are these skills necessary in a child? It is because social and emotional learning is about learning how to manage feelings, manage friendships and solve problems. These essential life skills support wellbeing and positive mental health in a child. Social and emotional skills promote a child’s ability to cope with difﬁculties and help to prevent mental health problems. We at ASPAM preschool, a leading pre-school chain in Delhi &NCR believe that children, who have developed social and emotional skills ﬁnd it easier to manage themselves, relate to others, resolve conﬂict and feel positive about themselves and the world around them.
Researches have shown and we at ASPAM also believe that teaching social and emotional learning is a way of promoting children’s mental health. Social and emotional learning provides practical skills that all children can learn and apply to everyday situations. Learning skills such as self-awareness, effective communication and conﬂict resolution can also help to prevent the development of mental health difﬁculties in children who might otherwise be vulnerable. In this way teaching children social and emotional skills helps to promote resilience i.e. capacity to cope and stay healthy in spite of the negative things that happen through life.
The emphasis of teaching should not just be on learning about emotions and relationships, but on practical skills that children can apply across a range of situations at school and at home. Children learn social and emotional skills most effectively when they are also reinforced at home in everyday interactions in addition to being taught at school. When children are taught speciﬁc strategies for recognizing and responding to emotions, thinking through challenging situations and communicating effectively, they are less likely to act out frustrations at school and elsewhere.
It is believed that social and emotional skills can improve academic learning and enhance students’ motivation to cooperate and achieve. Recent research shows a direct connection between healthy social-emotional development and academic success. The National Academy of Sciences identified three qualities children need to be ready for school: intellectual skills, motivation to learn, and strong social/emotional capacity. The report states that strong social-emotional development underlies all later social, emotional and academic success. Young children who develop strong early relationships with parents, family, caregivers, peers, and teachers learn how to pay attention, cooperate, and get along with others. They are confident in their ability to explore and learn from the world around them. Children in this age start to develop self-confidence and acquire self-esteem as the peers have a significant effect on your child’s self-esteem, confidence and development of socio-emotional skill and this help your child to be accepted by peers.
Tips to Help Increase Your School-Aged Child’s Socio-Emotional Development :
• Develop a healthy relationship with your child so that he or she can talk to you and be open with his/her feelings.
• Help your child to develop a habit of reading and certain hobbies.
• Encourage your child to play outdoor games and do physical activity.
• Encourage self-discipline, respect for authority, teachers, elders.
• Encourage them to abide by rules.
• Be supportive so that your child talks to you about peer pressure and teach and help them to deal with peer pressure.
• Love your child and show your affection for them. Hug, cuddle, read, and talk with them throughout the day.
• Encourage your child to try new things. Help them see what they are capable of. Let your child know you are pleased with their accomplishments.
• Give your child opportunities to play with other children their age. Help them explore their world and get to know the people in it. Show kind and generous behaviors when interacting with other adults and children.
• Show your feelings. Let your child see when you are happy or sad. This helps them to develop empathy for others.
• Establish daily routines. Your child will feel confident and secure. They will learn that events can happen in an organized way. Create routines that are predictable but flexible.
• Acknowledge your child’s feelings. Help them talk about what they feel and how they are feeling. Comfort your child when they are upset. Hold them and speak softly and calmly.
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